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TEXT.

10 And again he saith, Rejoice, ye gentiles, with his people. 11 And again, Praise the Lord, all ye gentiles, and laud him, all ye people.

12 And again Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the gentiles, in him shall the gentiles trust.

13 Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believ ing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.

PARAPHRASE.

tiles, to glorify God for his mercy to you, as it is written, "For this cause I will confess to thee among the 10 "gentiles, and sing unto thy name." And again, he 11 saith, "Rejoice, ye gentiles, with his people." And

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again, "Praise the Lord, all ye gentiles, and laud him, 12 "all ye nations." And again, Isaiah saith, "There "shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the gentiles, in him shall the gentiles trust. 13 Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost".

NOTES.

12 'ET' avty ï0m ini," in him shall the gentiles trust," rather hope; not that there is any material difference in the signification of trust and hope, but the better to express and answer St. Paul's way of writing, with whom it is familiar, when he hath been speaking of any virtue or grace, whereof God is the author, to call God, thereupon, the God of that virtue, or favour. An eminent example whereof we have a few verses backwards, ver. 4, iva dà rñç VπOμOIÕÇ καὶ τῆς παρακλήσεως τῶν γραφῶν τὴν ἐλπίδα ἔχωμεν, “ that we through patience and comfort," rather consolation, "of the scriptures, might have hope;" and then subjoins, ὁ δὲ Θεὸς τῆς ὑπομονῆς καὶ τῆς παρακλήσεως, σε now the God of "patience and consolation." And so here in moi, à de Cròç inxíde, the gentiles shall hope. Now the God of hope."

13 The gifts of the Holy Ghost, bestowed upon the gentiles, were a foundation of hope to them, that they were, by believing, the children, or people of God, as well as the jews.

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SECT. XIV.

CHAP. XV. 14—33.

CONTENTS.

IN the remaining part of this chapter, St. Paul makes a very kind and skilful apology to them, for this epistle: expresses an earnest desire of coming to them: touches upon the reasons, that hitherto had hindered him: desires their prayers for his deliverance from the jews, in his journey to Jerusalem, whither he was going; and promises that, from thence, he will make them a visit in his way to Spain.

TEXT.

14 And I myself also am persuaded of you, my brethren, that ye also are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish one another.

15 Nevertheless, brethren, I have written the more boldly unto you, in some sort, as putting you in mind, because of the grace, that is given to me of God.

16 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.

PARAPHRASE.

14 As to my own thoughts concerning you, my brethren, I am persuaded that you also, as well as others, are full of goodness, abounding in all knowledge, and able to in15 struct one another. Nevertheless, brethren, I have written to you, in some things, pretty freely, as your remembrancer, which I have been emboldened to do, by the commission, which God has been graciously pleased 16 to bestow on me, Whom he hath made to be the minister of Jesus Christ to the gentiles, in the gospel of God, in which holy ministration I officiate, that the gentiles may be made an acceptable offering to God, sanctified

NOTE.

16 a " Offering." See Isai. lxvi. 29.

TEXT.

17 I have therefore whereof I may glory, through Jesus Christ, in those things which pertain unto God.

18 For I will not dare to speak of any of those things which Christ hath not wrought by me, to make the gentiles obedient, by word and deed.

19 Through mighty signs and wonders, by the power of the spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.

20 Yea, so have I strived to preach the gospel, not where Christ was named, lest I should build upon another man's foundation. 21 But as it is written, To whom he was not spoken of, they shall see: and they that have not heard, shall understand.

22 For which cause also I have been much hindered from coming

to you.

PARAPHRASE.

17 by the pouring out of the Holy Ghost upon them. I have, therefore, matter of glorying, through Jesus Christ, 18 as to those things that pertain to God. For I shall not venture to trouble you with any concerning myself, but only what Christ hath wrought by me, for the bringing of the gentiles to christianity, both in profession and 19 practice. Through mighty signs and wonders by the power of the Holy Ghost, so that, from Jerusalem and the neighbouring countries, all along, quite to Illyricum, 20 I have effectually preached the gospel of Christ; But so as studiously to avoid the carrying of it to those places, where it was already planted, and where the people were already christians, lest I should build upon 21 another man's foundation. But as it is written, "To

"whom he was not spoken of, they shall see: and they, 22 "that have not heard, shall understand." This has

NOTES.

17 ↳ Tà após Csov, "Things that pertain to God." The same phrase we have, Heb. v. 1, where it signifies the things, that were offered to God, in the temple-ministration. St. Paul, by way of allusion, speaks of the gentiles in the foregoing verse, as an offering to be made to God, and of himself, as the priest, by whom the sacrifice, or offering, was to be prepared and offered; and then here he tells them, that he had matter of glorying, in this offering, i.e. that he had had success, in converting the gentiles, and bringing them to be a living, holy, and acceptable sacrifice to God; an account whereof he gives them, in the four fol lowing verses.

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20 See 1 Cor. iii. 10, 2 Cor. x. 16.

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TEXT.

23 But now, having no more place in these parts, and having a great desire, these many years, to come unto you,

21 Whensoever I take my journey into Spain, I will come to you: for I trust to see you in my journey, and to be brought on my way thither-ward by you, if first 1 be somewhat filled with your company.

25 But now I go unto Jerusalem, to minister unto the saints. 26 For it hath pleased them of Macedonia, and Achaia, to make a certain contribution for the poor saints, which are at Jerusalem. 27 It hath pleased them verily, and their debtors they are. For, if the gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister unto them in carnal things.

28 When, therefore, I have performed this, and have sealed to them this fruit, I will come, by you, into Spain.

29 And I am sure that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of the gospel of Christ.

PARAPHRASE.

23 often hindered me from coming to you: But now, having in these parts no place, where Christ hath not been heard of, to preach the gospel in; and having had, for 24 these many years, a desire to come to you: I will, when I take my journey to Spain, take you in my way: for I hope, then, to see you, and to be brought on my way thither-ward by you, when I have, for some time, enjoyed your company, and pretty well satisfied my long25 ing, on that account. But, at present, I am setting out 26 for Jerusalem, going to minister to the saints there. For

it hath pleased those of Macedonia and Achaia to make a contribution for the poor, among the saints at Jerusa 27 lem. It hath pleased them to do so, and they are, indeed, their debtors. For, if the gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, they are bound, on their side, to minister to them, for the support of this 28 temporal life. When, therefore, I have dispatched this business, and put this fruit of my labours into their 29 hands, I will come to you in my way to Spain. And I know that, when I come unto you, I shall bring with me to your full satisfaction, concerning the blessedness,

TEXT.

30 Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the love of the spirit, that ye strive, together with me, in your prayers to God for me.

31 That I may be delivered from them that do not believe, in Judea; and that my service, which I have for Jerusalem, may be accepted of the saints;

32 That I may come unto you with joy, by the will of God, and may with you be refreshed.

33 Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen.

PARAPHRASE.

30 which you receive by the gospel of Christ. Now I beseech you, brethren, by our Lord Jesus Christ, and by the love which comes from the spirit of God, to join 31 with me in earnest prayers to God for me, That I may be delivered from the unbelievers in Judea; and that the service I am doing the saints there, may be accep32 table to them: That, if it be the will of God, I may come to you with joy, and may be refreshed together 33 with you. Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen.

NOTE.

29 He may be understood to mean here, that he should be able to satisfy them, that, by the gospel, the forgiveness of sins was to be obtained. For that he shows, chap. iv. 6-9. And they had as much title to it, by the gospel, as the jews themselves; which was the thing he had been making out to them in this epistle.

SECT. XV.

CHAP. XVI. 1–27.

CONTENTS.

THE foregoing epistle furnishes us with reasons to con

clude, that the divisions and offences, that were in the roman church, were between the jewish and gentile converts, whilst the one, over-zealous for the rituals of the law, endeavoured to impose circumcision and other mosaical rites,

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