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preached in a gradual and conciliaTo the Editor of the Christian Observer,
tory manner, still these doctrines ALLOW me, Mr. Editor, to notice are, ia no instance, to be frittered the paper of Elias, which appeared away or infringed upon: they are to in your number for September. I be retained in all their purity; are will not say that I excuse the freedom to bend to no peculiar cases; and of your correspondent’s animadver- are, at length, to be fully developed. sions on my paper, inserted in your If they are not all at once to be number for July: I feel really brought forward in a broad and obliged to him for the attention he familiar manner, still they are never has paid to a very interesting sub- to be betrayed. If they are to be ject, as well as for the friendly and gradually disclosed, still their place candid manner in which he has ex- is never to be supplied by a base pressed his difference of opinion. and unlawful mixture of scriptural My design, in addressing you at truth and human inventions.-I flatpresent, is merely to free from ap- ter myself that this explanation will parent inconsistency the passages cause all inconsistency to disappear; of my paper quoted by your re- and that Elias will, upon referring spectable correspondent. Let it, to the paper in question, perceive then, be observed, that it was my that the two passages, which he has intention, in that paper, to recom- quoted together, cannot, if viewed mend such an introduction of the intheir proper connection, be thought Gospel into a parish ignorant of it, irreconcilable. as may be calculated to win the
After what has been urged by affections of the people, and, as it Academicus and Elias, it may be were, insensibly to draw their at- expected that I should either retract tention to, and fix it on, the hurni- the opinion expressed in a former liating doctrines of the cross. Lest, paper, or advance something farther however, this recommendation should
in support of it. I would briefly be misinterpreted, and wrested to say, that, whilst I value the paper authorise an accommodation of evan- of Elias, as containing many useful gelical truth to the depraved nature hints and important cautions; and and corrupt inclinations of man, it whilst I think that the peculiar cirwas necessary to guard against abuse cumstances of some people may reby stating explicitly that no such quire peculiar conduct in their miniaccommodation is, for a motnent, to sters, to whose discretion the matter be allowed. Though the distinguish- must be left; still I am of opinion ing doctrines of the Gospel are to be that a clergyman, succeeding to
parish ignorant of the Gospel, will, modern Calvinist of the Church of England, in general
, find it conducive to his or even from the writings of Calvin himsell, usefulness to lay hold on some genedeclarations on this subject wbich are more
ral truths and leading principles of unqualified in respect to the extent of huwan degeneracy, or which are more unic religion, speculatively allowed by versal in their application, than those which his people: these he may ipsist are contained in this homily. But is the upon, illustrate, and carry to their homily therefore Calvinistic? Certainly that utmost extent; and by these he may is not our opinion; but, on their own princi- prepare the way for that fali disples, the Bishop of Lincoln and the Quarterly closure of evangelical truth, to which Reviewers are bound to think so. The his parish has been unaccustomed. dilemma in which they are placed is this :- I do not think that any great length They must admit either that the Homilies are
of time will be spent in the prosecuCalvinistic; or that they have rashly confounded with the peculiarities of Calvinism,
tion of this introductory plan; nor what are the clear and determinate views of do I, with Academicus, feel apprethe Church of England (aud, need we add, hensive, lest, whilst a minister ibos of the Holy Scriptures) on ile subject of acts, any of his hearers should perish Original Sin.
for lack of knowledge. If, from a sincere and earnest desire to pro- parison, they did not act somewhat mote the glory of God and the sale in the way proposed in my former vation of perishing sinners, he thus paper? Whether to Jews they did begins the work of instructing his not found the preaching of the Gopeople, his sermons will, I think, spel on the economy and peculiar contain that which will awaken the views of Judaism? And whether the attention, interest the feelings, and condition of the Gentiles, with whom affect the hearts of his bearers; that they had few principles in common, which will stir them up to inquire did not render necessary, with reinto their real condition, and will spect to them, a manner of profinally lead to true repentance and ceeding not altogether applicable to sound conversion. If he fervently the professed Christians of modern implore the blessing of God on his times? labours, he will not, I am persuaded, With these inquiries I conclude; work in vain. Elias proposes, for assuring you, Mr. Editor, and your the imitation of ministers, the ex- readers, that it is my earnest wish ample of the apostles and first pub- and fervent prayer ihat the everlishers of Christianity; and most blessed Gospel may spread throughcordially do I agree with him in out the world; and that those who thinking that their conduct furnishes are commissioned to publish it, may the best rules for their successors of be divinely directed to the adoption the present day. Still, however, I of the means best calculated to give would inquire, Whether, as far as success to their message! their circumstances admit the com
To the Editor of the Christian Observer. lian tones, expressions, and con
duct. We must all have observed (Continued from page 627.)
this in others; and few of us, I conI shall conclude this paper by ceive, are unconscious of having guarding your readers against some been sometimes taken by surprise evils not uncommon in families, on the entrance of a friend, of hava which are in direct hostility with ing felt that it was necessary to recal the principles laid down above. This both the mind and the face to greatwill shorten what I should otherwise er serenity and benignity, in order say in my future communications on to receive him properly. Now, can education.
we seriously ihink, that a heart 1. Let a parent be particularly and a countenance unfit for our on his guard against his faults and friend, was fit for our children, who weaknesses when in the bosom of his surrounded us before bis arrival? family. The reverse is not seldom Can we estimate the mischief the case. The circumspection and which such moral deformity, placed restraint practised abroad, are often before their eyes in the pergreatly relaxed at home. Here, son of their father, may produce ? liberties and self-indulgences are some one says, that no man is a thought more allowable; wrong hero before his valet-de-chambre. tempers are not instantly repressed I will not stop to inquire wbat is in the bosoin, and are suffered to becoming in a hero; but a Christian deform the countenance, and also certainly oughe, if possible, to be sometimes to break out in uncbris- more a Christian before his family,
where his influence is greatest, and risheth; and pearls and diamonds are the effects of bis example the most worthless compared with them. One important, than in any other situa. would think that mére selfishness tion. Juvenal has said, “ maxima might restrain such absurdity, even debetur pueris reverentia ;” though in a man who did not extend his his view of education was only to view beyond this world. The time prepare youth for an upright and may come, when the evil fostered in able discharge of their common the child will be a scourge to the duties in this life, with little regard parent, and when he will be made to God or eternity. How deep then its victim, with the less regret from ought his maxim to sink into the a recollection that these scenes of heart of a Christian, whose views egregious folly bad undermined are so much higher, and who is to that natural respect which would educate beings called to perform all otherwise have been a check to ill their duties as those who now sit in conduct on the part of his child.--heavenly places, and are kings and May parents, then, never relax with priests unto God!
their children? must they always 2. Never make mere playthings sustain the grave character of a of your children. Many fathers tutor? Most certainly they may, treat their little ones as if nothing and ought, frequently to relax with was to be sought in their society but them, and even to take pains to mutual amusement. All is good make them happy: but they may humour when they are together ; combine this extremely well with a and therefore all is supposed to be constant recollection of the immor right. thongh there be little besides tal nature and high value of their folly and self-indulgence on one children, for whom Christ died, and side, and improper liberties, caprice, with a suitable behaviour towards self-will, or artifice, on the other. them. A father will soon learn, in In short, there seems to be a sort of such playful moments, “miscere utile conspiracy between the parties to dulci;” or, according to our English indulge the natural man. The child proverb, to “be merry and wise;" is often even taught to be indeco- and he will rank such seasons among rous, and mischievous, and saucy, for those which are most important for the amusement of iis parent. What checking what is wrong in a child, excuse can be made for such a fostering what is right, instilling scene? The poor child is greatly good principles, infusing a just apto be pitied; but really the parent, preciation of things, and a taste for if we were to look no further, woulu what is lovely and of good report
. appear to be a sort of monster, de- All the good seed sown on such ocvoid of principle, of feeling, and of casions will be so combined with the common sense. Follow him, how- child's pleasures and affections, as, ever, to his serious occupations, and with God's blessing, to take deep you may find him a useful and re- root in the soul, and promise a vigse spectable man. What a shame, that rous and permanent growth. he is insensible to the high destiny 3. In managing a child, let a paand unspeakable value of the little rent always have the child's good, creature whom he is spoiling, for the rather than his own ease, in view. sake of half an hour's foolish irifling! In domestic education, " Don't What would he say of any one who be so troublesome,” is perhaps the threw about his gold repeater as if most common of all our complaints, it were a ball, or made marbles of when parents address their children. bis wife's jewels? And yet his own It is true, children ought not to be fotly is intinitely greater. The crea- suffered to be troublesome, since tures whom he is placing in such both kindness and propriety forbid danger for his sport, are infinitely them to be so: but the tone of the more precious than gold, which pe- complaint generally shews very
clearly that the great grievance is, are received, and the child is often not that the child has those dispo- left unhumbled and discontented, sitions which make it troublesome, and in a state as displeasing to God but that others, and particularly the as when it was committing the fault complainant, are troubled. Thus in question. This mode of prothe child soon discovers, that it is ceeding appears to me essentially corrected rather for the ease of its wrong, and productive of serious parents and attendants, than for its evil. It does not bring the child to own good; and it has before it an repentance before God, and to peace example and a lesson of selfishness, with him. It directs its view io the which may do it as much harm as maintenance of decency in exter
it receives benefit from the check nals, rather than to a jealous scrui given to a bad habit.—What ought tiny of its motives and dispositions,
to be done on such occasions? Un- and an earnest desire of reconciliadoubtedly the troublesome practice tion with its God, after having of should be prevented; but this should fended him. Though these marks be done in a way to shew the child of true repentance cannot be esthat the parent would willingly sub- pected at so early an age in their mit to trouble, to promote its good; full estent, yet a broad foundation but that such dispositions as lead it for them is otien laid during the two to trouble others, are unchristian, or three first years of infancy. On and must be eradicated. The plea- the other hand, when we see a child sure a Christian will have in giv- scowl, or snatch up his shoulders, or ing pleasure, and his pain in occa- pout and redden, on being blamed, sioning pain, must be pointed out, can the rebellious and unbending and proved and illustrated. As no- spirit within be doubted? Is he thing is to be combated in children humbled for his fault, and in a spirit with more care and perseverance to forsake it and seek forgiveness ? than selfishness, so nothing is to be Is there any putting off of the old more strictly guarded against in pa. man, and putting on of the new rental example. The child is to be man? And yet, can it be denied taught to make sacrifices cheerfully, that this is the only temper to which and to deny himself, and take up the promise of pardon is made ? It. his cross ; and the parent must be is the temper in which adults must especially careful that bis own ex- come to Christ for pardon and peace; ample forward the learning of this and it is therefore the temper to difficult lesson. On occasions in which, from the very dawn of reason, which the admonition is “don't be we should endeavour to bring chiltroublesome,” would not “ don't be dren. thoughtless," " don't be violent," or In our endeavours to effect this “ don't be unkind," be often more great object, kind and mild and seappropriate? Is it expedient very ge- rene, but steady, perseverance is to nerally to use a mode of expression be employed. "There must be neiwhich points to the effect rather ther violence nor hurry. If the than the cause of a child's conduct; child is impatient, some constraint, to the consequences produced to if necessary, must be used to prevent others, rather than the state of his ebullitions of passion or freifulness, own mind?
and time must be given for it to re4. In correcting a fault, look to the cover itself: then steady and unheart rather than to the outward act. vearied, but calm and affectionate,
How common is it for parents to addresses to its reason and feelings pursue the opposite cours
urse! They must be used, suited to its age and are satisfied with condemning and habits and natural disposition. The preventing wrong conduct, without sagacity and ingenuity of the parent much attending to the temper of must be tasked to select the best mind in which their animadversions topics, and handle them in the best
manner, for the production of the not be very difficult to inculcate, desired effect. But, above all, his when the child is sensible that sin eye must be upon God for guidance and misery, and holiness and happiand a blessing, and for putting his ness, generally go together. During own mind in the frame best adapted to the latter part of this course, gospel win upon the affections of the child, facts and principles will be gradualis and impress his heart. The dawn-opened. The child will have beard ings of a right spirit must be hailed; of Christ ever since he first heard of openness and confidence must be God; and now the distinct character courted and encouraged; the kind- and offices of Christ will begin to be ness of God and Christ to penitents unfolded. He will be painted as the must be as fully and touchingly in- friend of mankind; as the great resisted upon as their hatred of sin. fage of the naughty; as always Care must be taken not to overstrain willing to help thein, and beg his or overpower the feelings; and when Father to forgive them ;--as all kindany danger of this appears, a pause ness and goodness, and as setting us must take place till they are relieved, an example of all that is lovely and and self-command is regained. This excellent; and as now exalted in course admits of great variations, glory, and all-wise and all-powerfal. and must be carefully adapted to the Pains will be taken to make Him the age and character and attainments object of affection attempered by reof the child : but I think I can say verence, and to make it pleasant to from experience, that it will seldom the child to please him, and painful if ever fail of success if steadily and to offend him. The child will in habitually pursued. It may be like manner be made acquainted said to begin from nothing, and for with the Holy Ghost, and heaven, several months a very small part of and hell, and the day of judgment, it will be brought forwards, though and eternity, and the lost state of there will be a continual progress as man, and redemption. All these the mind of the child opens, and things will be taught with an immesomething right in moral feeling and diate reference to practice and the habit is established. It will begin heart. They must be unfolded grato learn the difference between being dually, and with a strict attention to good and naughly; then, that though the abilities and temperament of the it desists from doing a naughty thing, child, and especial care must be it continues naughty till it is sorry taken that by God's blessing the for it and good hunioured; and then, feelings shall be properly atfected and not will then, it may expect the as the understanding is informed. kiss of forgiveness, and regain the 5. Be on your guard against the favour of its parent. Next it will little wiles and artifices which chilbe taught to reflect on its happi- dren will soon employ to obtain their ness when good, and on the pain it ends. suffers when naughty; and it will be It is surprising how ingenious and told that this is from God, who loves adroit they will be in this way. They goodness and hates naughtiness, as it will endeavour to do, as a bit of play, sees its parents do. Then it will something which they know to be proceed to learn that, like its parents, wrong and forbidden ; and to put God expects sorrow for sin ; and a you off by a laugh and a joke, when mild and humble prayer for forgive- you require them to acknowledge ness, before he will forgive a naughty that they have done wrong. These child, and love it, and make it little tricks lead to much eril. They happy. While this is in progress, undermine sincerity and simplicity the parent will endeavour to make of character; and instead of being the child feel the evil and folly of amused by them, as is often the caso, naughtiness, and the beauty and true a parent should carefully repress wisdom of being good. This will them. It is a good general rule