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to us highly probable that the American right to heave to, and shew his colours, that was the aggressor. The captain of the no nistake might arise. Captain Bingham American frigate admits that he chaced the hailed, but was answered only by another Little Belt for a considerable time, and at hail. Captain Bingham again hailed, and last came up with her; but maintains that was answered by a broad-side. The action he knew neither her force, nor hier nation, then commenced, and continued for threc until the engagement was over. This de- quarters of an hour, when the American rial, however, is most completely falsified ceased firing, appearing to be on fire about by himself; for in affirming that the first the main hatchway. The British ship also shot proceeded from the British sloop of ceased. In the morning, Commodore Ro. war, he adds, that he was induced to fire in gers sent an officer on board, to express his return, by supposing that the commander regret at what had happened, and that had he of the vessel had in view to obtain promo- kuown the force was so inferior, he should not tion from his own government by insulting have fired at us. He said that the British the American flag. But how could he have had fired the first shot, which Captain Bingformed such a supposition, and acted upon ham positively denied.

" Nor is it proba it, without being well aware of the nation ble,” he observes, “ that a sloop of war, at least to which the vessel belonged? He within pistol shot of a large forty-four gun admits, too, that one shot was fired from his frigate, should commence hostilities.” The ship without orders. The very occurrence

orders which Captain Bingham had received of such a circumstance might bave led him from Admiral Sawyer, were to proceed with to suppose that the shot from his antagonist dispatches to a ship of war off Charlestown, might have been equally unauthorised. But and then to return to Halilux; and in the no: that could have proceeded only from a course of his voyage to be particularly caredesign to insult America. There are several fal to give no just cause of offence to the other inconsistencies in the account of the government or subjects of the United States. American, which takes away his title to

-A war with America is unquestionably to credit, respecting the main point, the point be avoided and deprecated on every prina of aggression. Captain Bingham's account, ciple of sound policy, no less than on every on the contrary, is perfectly simple, and con- moral and humane ground; and on that acsistent in all its parts; and is a modest, full, count we very anxiously hope that such and clear statement. It certainly shewed no explanations may be afforded respecting small degree of firraness in him and his

this untoward affair, as may prevent all ship's company, to support with sixteen future collisions. guns, a close action against a frigate of forty

In the East Indies our squadron has been four guns, for three quarters of an hour.

successful in the capture, not only of ships Captain Bingham states, that as he was but of colonies from the enemy. The island proceeding along the American coast to of Banda, the principal of the Spice islands execute the orders of his superior, he was in the Molucca Seas ; the Dutch possessions chaced by a frigate, which he saw to be an on the island of Celebes; and the island of American, and which gained on him so fast,

Ternate, liave all been captured, and it was that as night approached, he deemed it expected that Batavia would soon fall,

OBITUARY.

man.

Tothe Editor of the Christian Observer. by the cheerfulness and gaiety of her ma Ir the following tribute to the memory of

ners and disposition. Her mind, naturally

active and energetic, was cultivated by conone lately deceased, who was your constant

siderable reading; and she was from her reader and admirer, shall be deemed not

youth habituated to regard with the greatunworthy of a place in your Obituary, the

est reverence and attention, the duties and insertion of it will oblige your sincere well

ordinances of religion, so far as she had wisher,

gained an insight into them. She was not,

however, free from the misconceptions which The subject of this account, Mrs. Hopson, then generally prevailed respecting the real who died at Carlisle on the 15th of May nature and extent of religious duty; and last, was, in the earlier part of her life, she continued, during the first years of her distinguislied by her personal activity, and married state, to be conversant principall: CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 115.

3 P

MINIMUS.

about worldly objects, and to engage in and death of the Son of God; and har fashionable amusements, so far as consisted ing been bereft of her dearest earthly comwith moderation and with her love of the forts, she had less difficulty in accepting the quiet occupations of domestic life.

scriptural injunctions which required her to At the birth of her youngest child, 23 wean her affections from things below and to years before her death, she was visited with fix them on things above. a paralytic attack, which entirely deprived The saving trullis with which she thus her of the use of her left side; and contine became so fully and so experimentally aced her to her chair during the remainder of quainted, she laboured with a proportionate her life. This afflicting dispensation, doule earnestness to impress upon the minds of bly trying to one who had always been un- her friends, anxious to remove their prejuusually active, she herself afterwards re- dices, and to persuade them to build on that garded as a most signal blessing, and as sure foundation upon wliich ber own hopes the beginning of a new existence to her. of present comfort and future happiness were Indeed, it was soon permitted to her, now wholly established. even before her mind was opened to those In the mirror of the Gospel she now saw views of divine things with which it was more distinctly revealed the gracious designs subsequently enriched, to discover the Hand of Providence, the fainter perceptions of of mercy ordaining and mitigating her af- which had been her solace under her aftlicfliction. For besides that her confinement, tions; and she could, with unmixed grati, by withdrawing her from the world, enabled tude and pious joy, retrace the successive her to devote her time and attention more events by which she had been called off entirely to the education of her children, from the world and led to the knowledge of she was herself also gradually training in the the truth as it is in Jesus. The hours of sostudy of that salutary lesson of adversity in litary confinement she henceforth considered which she afterwards became so great a pro- the happiest of her life, as they afforded ficient.

her large opportunities of communion with In less than seven years after this event, her God and of meditation on his word and she was called upon to sustain the loss of providence. Never was the power of reher husband, who was taken from her very ligion in administering hidden support to the unexpectedly, and under circumstances of a

soul, more i ully displayed than in her,--sbe peculiarly distressing nature; and she was might truly be said to live by prayer and by left in a state of great bodily infrinity, for faith in the written word. She particularly some time almost inconsolable and incapa. delighted in the compositions of the Holy ble of directing her attention even to her Psalmist; the records of whose experience young family. In this dark night of afflic. were, indeed, in an eminent degree, the tion, in a retired country situation, where, language of her own. In the exercise of ad in appearance and in the estimation of her unshaken trust in God, under circunstances friends, she was sunk in the lowest depths which often put it to the severest trialof misfortune, she had the first, though in a deep and realizing sense of his prestill an indistinct, view of the unspeakable sence and of joy in the light of his countelove and mercy of God, through a Re. nance-in an habitual resort to him as her deemer, of which a fuller discovery was friend, her counsellor and her guide—in an shortly to be imparted to her. For the lumble conviction of her own weakness and sake of greater advantages in the education of the necessity of constant vigilance and of her children, she soon afterwards re- self-denial, she richly displayed the fruits of moved to Carlisle, where the great doctrine e careful study of the Scriptures, and of an of redemption through a crucified Saviour experimen:al acquaintance with their divine began about this time to excite general at efficacy. Of controrersial religion, she hap, tention. or its ministration, she was pily knew, and desired to know, nothing i among the very first fruits—the good seed whatever is clearly revealed in the Bible, is. was sown in a heart well cultivated and fitted necessary to salvation, she received in an for its reception, and its growth was in pro- lionest and good heart, withi serious self-exportion rapid, and its produce abundant.- amination and a practical application of it Having been humbled under the rod of af- to her own heart and conscience. On the fliction, and deeply convinced of her own death of Christ she rested her entire hope weakness, and of the vanity of all human of salvation-and to his life and conversadependencies, she stumblęd not at the doc- tion she studied, through the sanctifying aid trines which declared man's utter depravity of his Holy Spirit, to assimilate her owna: and helplessness, and proclaimed his accep

Nor were the exercises of her faith contance and salvation only through the merits fiped to the contemplative hours of her re

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trement. The holy Aame, which her soul chastisements, and to receive, not only with
in secret caught from converse with God and patient submision, but with cheerful ac-
celestial objects, shone forth with a mild quiescence, the bitter cup of affliction,
and heavenly lustre in the narrow circle which she was not unfrequently called upon
within wlick her duties were confined. It to taste. She would even rejoice in her tri-
was her habitual aim to bring the minds of als as necessary to maintain in exercise the
her children and servants under the practie spirit of watchfulness and prayer--and as
cal influence of religion, by serious adıno- most effectually calculated to confirm her
nition, by seasonable reproof, and by the faith and elevate her delight in the word and
improvement of ordinary occurrences to the promises of God. A striking instance of
purposes of edification. In the society of her advancement in the spirit of resignation
her friends, she displayed the saine earnest was afforded a short time before her death.
desire to do good, and the same prevailing Hes only daughter, and the sole habitual
sense of the pre-eminent importance of eter- companion of her retirement, was visited
nal things. She delighted in praising God with a very severe illness, from which she
and speaking good ot his name, and in invi- herself did not expect her to recover. In
ting attention to the characters of mercy and the midst of the solicitude and suspense
wisdom which she saw distinctly impressed which attended this event, she one day told
on the dispensations of his providence to- an intimate friend who visited her, that
wards herself and others. To the poor she she had been much employed in meditation
was a constant friend and a liberal beneface upon that petition in the Lord's Prayer
tress ; administering, to the utmost of her (which had been ibe subject of a sermon
ability, to the relief of their bodily necessi. she had recently heard), • Thy will be done,'
ties, and promoting their spiritual interest by &c.—and that she had been carefully endea,
providing for their religious instruction and vouring to ascertain the state of her mind,
encouraging their attendance on the public in reference to it, by an examination of the
ordinances and means of grace. Her own feelings with which she regarded her daugh-
example most powerfully co-operateal with ter's present alarming situation ; adding, as
these endeavours. Notwithstanding the infir- the result of her deliberate investigation,
mity under which she laboured, she was, that she could say, she was prepared wil.
for the last sixteen years of her life, a re- lingly 10 surrender ber.
gular artandant on divine worship, beiny It will reasonably be expected that some
carried in a sedan chair, in which she sat dur.. account should now be given of the parti,
ing the service--and her children will never cular circuinstances which marked the clo-
forget the effusious of pivus gratitude in sing scene of Mrs. Is. earthly existence;
which she taught their minds to participate but this expectation cannot be satisfied-it
on the first occasion of her revisiting the pleased God in infinite wisdom to withold
house of God, after the lengthened absence from her the opportunity, sometimes afforded
to which she had been obliged to submit to others, of glorifying in her death the reli-
during the earlier part of her conhnement. gion which her life had so eminently adorned.
The language of the Psalmist was then pe- Her constitution, enteebled by so long a
culiarly her own. “ How aniable are thy confinement, had not strength sufficient ta
tabernacles, O Lord of Hosts! My soul struggle, even for a short time, with the illa
longeth, yea even fainteth for the courts of mess which proved fatal to her—and though
the Lord my heart and my flesh crieth she lived nearly two days after its first ap.
out for the living God!" Ps. Ixxxiv. 1, 2, pearance, she was througho'it that time 100

But the part of Mrs. Hodson's character weak to hold any conversation. From the which was most distinguishing, and which, few words which she uttered, it was evident in the short enumeration of her Christian that she was fully aware of the approach of graces above given, was omitted as requiring death and during the intervals of her zo be distinctly exhibited, was her resiguae pain (which appeared not to be of long con zion to the Divine will. An unreserved tinuance nor great intensity), and after it submission to the will of God has justly been subsided, she shewed the clearest marks of considered as the consummation of the being wholly occupied in prayer, and in Christian character. It is represented as contemplation of the unspeakably blessed characterizing the angels in heaven, and change which awaited her. Nor will it be shrines forth with peculiar brightness in the re. deemed presumptuous to entertain the firma corded actions and sufferings of Jesus Christ, conviction that she was permitted 10 expeMrs H. had attained an eminent degree of it. rience the full measure of that divine supShe had learnt to adore and bless the de- port, for which, in the habitual anticipation signs of Providence, even in his severest of her departure hence, she was known fer

LADY GORDON.

vently to supplicatė, in the language of the most hospitable exertions (with a sweetness following beautiful extract, which was found of disposition, and demeanour, peculiarly written in her own hand amongst other her own,) endeared her instantly, and papers : My last erigence will be the clo- equally, to the stranger as to the friend. In sing part of life; oh! remember me then, short, extreme caution not to hazard censore, my God; thou who hast led me hitherto, and not to give offence, formed a line of forsake me not at Jast ! be my strength conduct that could not fail to exact esteem, when nature fails, and the flame of life is and to ingratiate her with all who could apjust expiring. Let thy smiles cheer that preciate merit; and rendered !ier beloved, in gloomy hour: ob ! then let thy gentle voice every place, and by every order in society.-whisper peace and ineffable consolation to Judgment, dispatch, and correct arrangemy soul !" Her last moments were unusual- ment, even in business of intricate concern ly tranquil: not a sigh or struggle intimated marked also her native vigour of mind, and her dissolution, nor can there be any doubt alertness of apprehension. To a happy to those who knew her lite, that the arms of talent in the epistolary style, she united everlasting love were spread beneath her, the valuable attainment of most clear, imand that angels were appointed to convey pressive reading, in every kind of compoher emancipated spirit from this vale of sition :-And, to close the list of these attears, to the eternal abode of peace and tractive acquisitions--no one who ever heard. joy.

her voice, as melodious as powerful, will

easily forget her exquisite taste in the exOn Sunday, the 2d of June, 1811, died, ecution of Handel's sublimest works; the after a very short illness, Lady Gordon, wife captivating force she gave to those exalted of the Rev. Sir Adam Gordon, Baronet, strains, that called forth his transcendene Rector of West Tilbury, Essex, &c. A loss genius, and stamped the general testimony most deeply felt, by all who had the plea- of her own. Such was the choice companion sure of her acquaintance, and could justly of hin, who gratefully attempts this slender estimate her worth.--Among the many ami- sketch of her combined endowments; this able qualities and engaging accoinplish- bounden tribute to her memory ;-thankful ments that distinguished this excellent cha. for the treasure lent him, and dutifully reracter, one prominent virtue was, the most signing it to the gracious, supreme Proprietor rigid respect for truth. In such veneration of the blessing. --And should it now be did she hold this sacred property, that often, asked,--did no one blemish mingle with in attending even to humorous narrative, this description of a mere mortal being ? her apprehensions were painfully alive, lest The reply is brief, and in no degree detracts casual embellishment should interfere with from the still higher attainments she destrict veracity. Towards lier social and do- rived from unaffected piety, and the grace mestic connexions, her affability, and con. bestowed upon her from above. Compa. tinual desire to confer pleasure, or convey ratively, her failings were as shades in paint comfort, became, among her intimates, quite ing, rendering the shining parts more beauproverbial. In the discharge of kindred tifully conspicuous--they were as specks in duties, she was exemplary, beyond praise. snow; the entailed inheritance of a fallen In the display of Christian benevolence, sbe state ; of which the very best, while in may have been equalled, but could not be this life, must partake, or otherwise the excelled. Not even ingratitude could cur- creature would exhibit that perfection liere tail her invariable study to befriend the · which liberated spirits only can attain to in needy. Forgiveness, that most lovely pro- the realms of bliss. It is natural, it is induce of religion's power, banished all re- cumbent, to mourn for such a loss--a loss sentments; and vothing but positive, per- irreparable to him, so long experiencing the severing vice could interfere to check, or value of the possession--who, to the grave, rather lessen, her unceasing bounty. Her must feel the sore privation, but who, bow uniform delight was to solace the afflicted, ing submissively to the correction, humbly to make up unhappy differences, and prove receives it, as a symptom of parental lore, the most genuine and unshaken friendship from the unerring hand that hath appointed for those she thought deserving. No envy, it for good, and consoled by the cheering no ostentation of superior taleut, ever tar. prospect of an endless re-union, through the nished her excellencies, but a generous ar- mercy, herits, and power of the Redeemer. dour to promote innocent hilarity, and the

A. G.

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CHRISTIAN OBSERVER.

No. 116.)

AUGUST, 1811.

[No. 8. Vol.X.

RELIGIOUS COMMUNICATIONS.

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For the Christian Observer.

and heir of the Earl of Danby, with

whom she lived very happily Dure SOME ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE AND ing the time of her widowhood, she

CHARACTER OF THE REV. GEORGE devoted herself to the care of her
HERBERT.

family. She even accompanied her
VHE
memory
of this 'extraor-

sons to Oxford, that she might the dinary man ought to be che better superintend their education, rished by every member of the and watch their progress in useful Church of England. He was a learning as well as their moral conbuming and a shining light, and duct. She laboured to endear her though dead he yet speaketh. It is society to her children, and she suco the object of this paper to exhibit a ceeded. They spent much of their brief view of his excellencies both time with their mother, which was as a Christian and a minister of the to her a source of great satisfaction. Gospel, in the hope that the example She appears to have been esteemed may prove useful. In doing this, as a person of great piety and worth the materials will be derived chiefly by Dr. Donne and many other from his life by Walton,—those learned and excellent men of that parts being selected from the mass

day. which seem best adapted to the end

George Herbert spent the first proposed.

twelve years of his life under the

eye of his mother, and under the George Herbert was born on the instruction of a clergyman who was 3d day of April 1593, near to the tutor in the family. He afterwards lown of Montgomery, in a castle became a king's scholar in Westbearing that name and belonging to minster school, at which he continued his family *, a family which had till he became well acquainted with long been distinguished for patriot- the learned languages, especially ism and benevolence. His father the Greek. During his stay at was Richard Herbert, and his mo. Westminster, he was no less rether Magdalen Newport, the daugh- markable for his piety than for the ter of Sir Richard Newport. His rapidity of his improvement. In father died in 1597, and left his mo- 1808, being then fifteen, he was ther with seven sons, of whom he removed to Trinity College, Camwas the fifth, and three daughters, bridge, where his mother, anxious His eldest brother was the famous for the preservation of the purity of Lord Herbert of Cherbury, who his mind and manners, induced Dr. may be considered as the first deis. Nevil, the master of that college, to tical writer who appeared in Eng- take him under his particular care, land His mother continued for in the first year of his residence at twelve years in a state of widow. Cambridge, we find him lamenting, dood, and then married the brother in a letter to his mother, that so

* This castle was levelled with the ground many poems of that day were conduping the civil wars in the reign of Charles secrated to Venus, while so few look. die First

od towards God and heaven; and CHRIST. OBSERY. No. 116.

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