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« Tlie schools to be established, shall be struction of our poor people to read their for the express purpose of teaching the inha- native language. Before that time, ttre bitants of our Highlands and Islands to read whole country was in 'a 'most deplorable their native language. The elementary state, with regard to the acquisition of rebooks shall consist of a spelling book in Gae- ligious knowledge. After the decease of lic; and the Gaelic Psalm book-to be suc- this very pious and laborious minister, A.D. ceeded by the sacred Scriptures of the Old 1761, the schools were continued on the and New Testament, in that language. same plan by a pious lady of fortune, an Before" a teacher is sent to any district, intimate friend of Mr. Jones, and a constant the attention of the people shall be awak- attendant on his ministry; her name was ened to the importance of their being Mrs. Bevan. In her will, that lady, who able to read, as well as to the danger lived several years after Mr. Jones, left ten and disadvantages of a state of ignorance.” thousand pounds, the interest of which was " Public intimation being previously given, to be applied, for ever, towards perpetuating when a school commences, the inhabitants those schools. Her executrix, a piece of shall be informed that it will continue only her's, disputed the validity of the will, so for a limited period, (not less than six nor far as it applied to this money. It was exceeding eighteen months), during which thrown into Chancery, where it continued time the schoolmaster shall teach those chil- for thirty years before a decrec was obdren to read, gratis, who attend well, or the tained. About two years past, a decree was children whose parents engage to secure and granted in favour of this charity; and the promote their regular attendance. When a interest of the ten thousand pounds, with circulating school is established in any quar- the accumulation of it by interest all the ter, another sehool shall be advertised at years it was in Chancery, is to be applied, the same time, for the important purpose of under certain specific regulations and restricteaching grown-up people, or such as may be tions, to the support of circulating charityunable to attend, owing to their avocations schools throughout the whole principality: or service through the day, or through the There are now forty schools erected in dif. week. This school shall be kept at a conve- ferent parts of the country, and the number nient hour on the Sabbath, or in the evening is contiuually increasing. In the course of of week days, or both-and the presence of a few years after the demise of Mrs. Bevan, those inhabitants who can read shall be re- the country gradually reverted into the same quested-at such times, to give any assistance state of stupor and ignorance in which Nr. in their power, under the directions of the Jones found it, when he first thought of those schoolmaster. When the time arrives for institutions. ' Besides, though Mr. Jones's The feacher's removal to another district, it schools increased to the amazing number of is expected, that, in consequence of the ex- two hundred and six before he died, yet ercises in the last-mentioned school, a proper there were many districts in this mountainous person may be procured to preserve and country, ncver visited by lvis schools, or but continue the benefits received. Every district once, and that for a very short time. In one in which a school has existed shall be revi- of these districts, it pleased Providence to sited occasionally, and aniniated to perse- place me. Suori after I assumed the care of vere; but in case of insuperable ditliculties the parish, I aitempted to instruet the rising on the part of its inhabitants, or the spirit at generation, by catechising them every Sunfirst infused being ready to expiré, a tencher day afiernoon: but their not being able to him at first near me, that his school might I could wish that of sbeing the work, by be, in a manner, under my constant inspec. the Lord's blessing, prospering far beyond tion. The next difficulty was, to obtain pro- my most sanguine expectations. The beginper elementary books. I composed three ning was small, but the little brook becaine elemeutary books, besides two catechisms, an overflowing river, which has spread widely which are now used in all our schools, and over the whole country in Sunday Schools, very essentially assist the progress of the (the wholesome effects of these previous inchildren. My teachers, as my lunds in- stitutions), fertilizing the barren -soil wherever creased, multiplied gradualy srom one to it flows. twenty ; but of late the number is decreased, “ As to the expediency of teaching young as the necessity of the week-day schvols is people in the first place to read the lansuperseded by ibe increase of Sunday schools, guage they generally speak and best underand my attention is drawn to the extension of stand, if imparting rcligious kuowledge is them as widely as possible. The circulating our primary object, as it nost certainly day schools have been the principal means of ought to be in instructing 'immortal beings, erecting Sunday schools ; for without the for- it needs no proof,_-1. The time necessary Iker, the state of the country was such, that to teach them to read the Bible in their we could not obtain teachers to carry on the vernacular language is so strost, not exlatter ; besides, Sunday schools were set up ceeding six months in general, that it is in every place where the day schools had a great pity not to give them the key been. My mode of conducting the schools immediately which unlocks all the doors, has been as follows:
may be sent to resirle among them once more, read, I found to be a grcat obstacle to ibe. for a short season."
progress of my work. This induced me to In adopting this plan, the society have pro- inquire into the state of the country, in this ceeded on the surc ground of experience. point of view. I soon found the poor peoThey have followed exactly the plain which ple to be in general in the same state of ig. las produced such wonderful effects in the
As Mr. Jones's schools had ceased principality of Wales; and of which a full to circulate, no relief could be obtained from account is given in the Report before us in that quarter. A thought occurred, that by a letter from Mr. Charles of Bala. We ex- the assistance of friends, I miglit obtain tract such parts of it as are necessary to fueans to employ a teacher, to be removed throw light on the system that has been from place to place, to instruct the poor ig* pursued.
norant people. When I had succeeded in “ The Rer. Griffith Jones, a clergyman of obtaining pecuniary aid, the great the establishment, about A. D. 1730, inade of obtaining a proper person to teach, octhe first attempt of any importance, on an curred. This difficulty was removed by inextensive scale, to erect schools for the in- structing a poor man myself, and employing
-My first greatest care and lays open all the divine treasures has been in the appoiutnsent of proper teach- before them. Teaching them Englisli reers. They are all puor persons, as my wages quires two or three years' time, during which are but small; besides, a poor person can as- long period, they are concerned only about similate hinself to the habits and mode of dry terms, without receiving one idea for living ausong ibe poor, as it is his own way. their improvement.2. Welsh words conof living. It is requisite he should be a per- vey ideas to their infant miuds as soon as son of moderate abilities, but above all they can read them, which is not the case that he be truly pious, moral, decent, when they are taught to read a language they humble, and engaging in his whole deport- do not understand.--3. When they can ment; not captious, not disputatious, not con. read Welsh, Scriptural terms become ceited, no idle saunterer, no tattler, nor intelligible and familiar to them, so as to giren to the indulgence of any idle habits. enable them to understand the discourses My care here has been abundantly repaid ; delivered in that language (the language in for my teachers in general are as anxious as general preached through the principality); myself for the success of the work, and for the which, of course, must prove more profitable eternal welfare of those they are eiuployed to then if they could not read at all, or read instruct in their most important concerns." only the English language.--Previous
“ At first, the strong prejudice which uni- instruction in their native tongue helps versally prevailed against teaching them 10 them to learn English much. saoner, read Welsh first, and the idea assumed, that instead of proving in any degree an inconthey could not learn English so well if pre- veniency. This I have bad repeated prooss viously instructed in the Welsh language, of, and can confidently vouch for the truth proved a great stumbling-block in the way of it. I took this method of instructing my of parents to send children to the Welsh own children, with the view of convincing schools, together with another conceit they the country of the fallacy of the general had, that it they could read English, they notion which prevailed to the contrary; and would soon learn of themselves to read I have persuaded others to follow my plan, Weish; but now these idle and groundless which, without one exception, has proved the conceits are universally scouted. This change truth of what I conceived to be really the has been produced, not so much by dis case.--5. Having acquired new ideas by prating, as by the evident salutary effects of reading a language they undeistand, exthe schools, the great delight with which the citement is naturally produced to seek for children attended themand the great progress knowledge ; and as our ancient language is they made in the acquisition of knowledge. very deficient in the means of instruction, The school continues usually at one time in there being few useful books printed in it, the same place six or nine months. This has a desire to learn English, yea, and other lanbeen my wode of procceding, subject tu some guages also, is excited, for the sake of inlocal variations, for above twenty-three creasing their stock af ideas, wild adding to years; and I have had the only satisfaction their sund of knowled. I can vuuch for the truth of it, that there are twenty to one they are candidates for another world, and. who can now read English, to what could that the things pertaining to their eternal fewhen the Welsh was entirely neglected. licity there, are of infinitely greater importThe knowledge of the English is become ne- ance to them, than the litde concerns which cessary, froin the treasures contained in it. belong to our short existence. The negleet English books are now generally called for; of this is, I apprehend, a very great defect there are now a hundred books, I am sure, in the education of children. for every one that was in the country when “ In certain instances, I have been I removed from England, and first became a obliged to continue the teacher in the same resident of these parts. English schools are place nine or twelve months; but, iu geneevery where called for, and I have been ral, six months is quite sufficient to teach obliged to send young men to English all the children that are of proper age to schools, to be trained up for English receive instruction. I prefer a quicker cirteachers, that I might be able, in some de. culation to a long stay; frequent returus of gree, to answer the geveral demand for them. the school to the same stations are necessary, In short, the whole country is in a manner unless a Sunday school prevents the necesemerging from a state of great ignorance sity of it.--Our children will learn their and ferocious barbarity, to civilization and vernacular tongue in three months, beiter piety, and that principally by muans of than they will learn English in three years, the Welsh schools. Bibles without end are -Numbers of old poople have learnt to called for, are read diligently, learned out read their Bible in Welsh within these two by beart, and searched into with unwea- years: and, in many instances, the parents ried assiduity and care. One great means have been instructed by the children.” of this blessed change has been the Welsh " I lately visited a district between our schools.--6. By teaching the Welsh forst, mountains, in which a good woman, a wiwe prove to them that we are principally dow, and her two children, a girl of twelve concerned about their souls, and thereby na- years of age, and a boy of eighteen, have . curally impress their minds with the vast im- been the chief instrumenis of teaching all portance of acquiring the knowledge of di- the inhabitants to read well, and to undervine truths, in which the way of salvation, stand the first principles of Christianity; our duty to God and man, are revealed; and that only by Sunday and Niglit whereas, that most importan! point is left to- schools.” tally out of sight by teaching them English; for the acquisition of the English is connect
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. ed only with their temporal concerns, and The annual mecling of the above Society, which they may never want, as tijey may, will be held on Wednesday the 1st of May, as the majority do, die in intancy. In my at the FREEMASON'S TAVERN, Great Queen opinion, in the education of children, it is Street, Lincoln's-Inn Fields, at eleven o'clock. of the utmost importance, in the first place, - The president will take the chair precisely to impress their winds with a sense that at twelve.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
amounting to 2,000, was left in possession
of the height, while the remaining 3,000, On the morning of the 25th instant, intel- which were almost entirely British, noved ligence was received of a very brilliant dowu to secure the communication with the action which was fought between a part of the Isle of Leon, acriss the Santi Petri. On French army betore Cadiz, under Marshal the march, General Grahaid received notice Victor, and a body of Britishi and Spanish that the eneny were advancing to the height troops under General Graham. The French of Barrosa. He immediately countermarchforce amounted to 8,000 men, that of the ed to support the Spanislı troops left for its allies to 5,000. The latter had landeld in defence, whom he found to have abandoned the vicinity of Gibraltar, and after a inarch their position as the enemy ascended the of sixteen hours, arrived at the height of hill. Retrcat, in the face of such a force, Barrosa, near the mouth of the Santi Petri appeared to General Graham likely to in. river. The Spanish part of our surce, volve the allied arıny in ruin. He therefore
resolved, trusting to the known valour of Spaniards as comparatively small. --- On the British troops, to attack the enemy, although 22d of January, Olivenza surrendered to they were nearly three to one, and had also the Frenclı, although a few bours before, the advantage of ground from having gained the governor had written in the most entbt beight. A powerful batrery of ten guns couraging terms, aud ibe' beseiged were in was soon opened on them, and admirably want neither of provisions uor ammunition, served ; and a succession of charges of the -After the fall of Olivenza, the French most heroic description ended in the con- prepared to besiege Badajoz. General plete deseat of the French. No expręs. Mendizabel, with the Spanish force which shorts of mine," observes Gen. Graham, had been under the command of the Mar" could do justice to the conduct of the quis Romana, was detached for its relief troops throughout. Nothing less than the and took post on the heights of St. Christo. almost unparalleled exertions of every o!i- val near Badajoz. In this position he was v, the invincible bravery of every soldier, attacked by the French on the 19th, and and the most determined devotion to the although the enerny had two rivers, the honour of bis majesty's arms in all, could Guadiana and Evora, to cross, his army was lave achieved this brilliant success against completely surprized, and therefore easily macb a formidable enemy so posted. In less defeated and dispersed; and the Spanish than an hour and a huf from the commence- camp, which was standing, was taken, with ment of the action, the enemy were in full the baggage and artillery. A part of the Sparetreat." The eagle of the eighth French ish troops, effected their escape to Badaregiment, eight pieces of cannon and a joz, the garrison of which has thus been howitzer, remained in our possession. One increased to 9,000 men. The siege general was killed, together with other offi- coinmenced on the 1st of February. A cers of distinction, and about 3,000 of the large convoy of provisions which was ad. eneroy were either killed, wounded, or taken vancing from Ciudad Rodrigo, under an es. prisoners. The prisoners consisted of two cort of 3,000 men, for the supply of Masgenerals (one since dead of his wounds) sena's army, was ailacked by a small body of and about 30 officers and men. Our loss Portugueze nilitia, under Lieut. Col. Grant, consisted of 7 officers and 195 men killed ; which had planted itself in an advantageous 54 officers and 986 men wounded, most of position near a defile at the Estrada Nova, shom it is said are likely to do well. The through which the convoy bind to pass. two thousand Spaniards rejoined Gen. Gra- Upwards of 200 of the enemy were killed, bat's division after the conclusion of the ac- and nearly the whole of their baggage, and tion, and the next morning the whole force the cattle that were under their escort, were crossed the Santi Petri, into the Isle of abandoned.--The operation of the Guerillas Leon. On the retreat of the Spaniards in in Spain, as well as of the Ordenanzas in the first instance, the Commissariat mules, Portugal, continued to give considerable anwhich were under their care, were dispersed, noyance to the enemy. yo that it became necessary to cross the A son has at length been born to Bonativer in order to obtain sopplies.
parte. This event took place on the 20th. An attack was made, about the same time, instant. on the French lines before Cadiz, by some British gun-boats and a party of marines,
NORTH AMERICA. who succeeded in demolishing several bat- Mr. Pinkney, the American ambassador, ueries and spiking the guns.
has had his audience of leave of the Prince Accounts have also been received, tbat Regent. His mission to this country he Massena had begun his retreat from San- considers as having terminated by the refutarem, and that Lord Wellington was in sal of our government to relax its commerparsuit of him : but no farther particulars cial decrees. The negociation however will have reached this country.
be renewed, and we hope with better sucPrevious to this, several transactions had cess, by Mr. Foster, who is about to proceed taken place which require to be noticed.-- to America, with proposals from our governOn the 25th of January an engagement ment. In the mean time, a bill has been introwas fought pear the Guadiana, between a duced into the American congress, and has Spesish force under Gen. Ballasteros, of passed through several of its stages, for proabuut 4,000 men, and double their number hibiting the importation of any goods of of French. The Spaniards were forced to British growth or manufacture, or the engive way, but the field was well contested, trance of any British ships, except in cerat the retreat order' y. The loss of the tain specified circumstances, into any part kreuch is stated at 2,000 men, tial of the of the United States. The correspondence,
however, between the American fonction- 'tically been carried into effect, several vesaries, and the French government, which sels having been condemned under those has recently Iveen laid before the Congress, decrees, subsequently to the period when it and published in the American newspapers, was declared that their operation should plainly shews, that Bonaparte's repral of huis Berlio and Milan decrees has not prae
GREAT BRITAIN. PARLIAMENTARY PROCEEDINGS. selons with transportation for fourteen years, 1. We are trapny to observe that measures or with imprisonment and hard labour for are aboint to be adopted in parliament for five, all wire are concerned in the slave amending the law respecting ins/rent trade as principals ; that is to say, as owner, debtors, both in England and Scotland. or part owner, factor or agent, captain, mate, Olle subject has been taken up by Lord Re- surgeon, &c.; and to punishi, as guilty of a desdale tur :gland, and by the Lord' Adve- misdemeanour, all who shali assist in any incate for Scotland. Lord Reddesdale's bill ferior capacity, as periy officer, seaman, or provides, that a barrister of not less than six
We rejoice to say, that in none of years standing shall preside in a court, which its stages lias this bidt net with the smallest shali be a court of record, to be called “The opposition. Court for the Relief of losoivent Debtors ;" 4. The case of a man of the name of Col. that any person applying to this court, after ville, who has been contined for some time in having been confined three ninnths, may be the prison in Cold Bath Fields, by a warrant liberated, on assigning his whole property from the secretary of state, was brought before for the benefit of his creditors, and engag- the house of commons by Sir Francis Buring to pay, when atle, whatever sum may dett, A secret committee was appointed to still remain owing. Persons wantonly wast- examine the case, consisting, among others, ing their effects, or fraudulemly disposing of of Sir Francis himself and Lord Folkstone. them whaile in prison; persons having ob- The result was a report, in which all the tained credit on falso pretences, or imprison- members of the committee concurred, stared for danrages for adultery or seduction; ing that the arrest and detention of this also persons having lost by gaming, since in man were perfectly justified by the circunsprison, ten poundsin one day, or fitty pounds stances of the case ; that on public grounds in the whole ; shall not have the benefit of it was necessary he should remain in confine this act until after five years imprisonment. meat ; and that he had suffered no inconPersons in custody for sunis enbezzled in venience which was not necessarily incident Iweach - in trust are not 10 be discharged to a prison. until they have been confined ten years. 5. A motion was made by Mr. Wardlo, roNo one, having taken the benefit of any specting the trial by court martial, of a corformer insolvent act, or who shall take the poral in the Oxford Militia. The circumbenefit of the prosent act, shall be en- stances, as stated by Mr. Wardle, bore every titled to a similar benefit till after an in- mark of cruelty and oppression. When they terval of five years. A judge from each of came, however, to be sified, they proved to the courts of King's Bench. Common Pleas, be so utterly gronudless, and the proceed. and Excheqner strall form a court of final ings with respect to the corporal-appeared appeal in all cases arising under this act. It to have been marked by so much moderen is proposed to be enacted, that no arrest shall tion and forbearance on the part of his ofo issue except on bills of exchange and pro- fects, that only one man in the House could missory notes where the original debt, ex- be found to vote in favour of Mr. Wardle's clusive of custs, did not amount to twenty motion for inquiry; and that was Colonel Gore pounds.
Langton, the cominanding officer of the re 2. Sir Samuel Romilly has again bronght giment to which the man belonged. It apa forward his propositions for the improve. peared in the course of the debate, that Mr. ment of our criminal code, and for the insti. Wardle had written to the commander tution of penitentiary houses in different in chief demanding that the culprit might parts of the kinganm; and we are happy to not be punished, until he, Mr. Wardle, say that they have met with a more favour. should have an opportunity of bringing bis able rereprion than formerly.
case before parliament. The commander 3. A bill has been brought into the house in chief begged to know what the grounds of commons by Mr. Bronghain for rendering were of so novel and extraordinary a request, more efficiual the acts abolishing the and assured Mr. Wardle, they should receive jane trude Its object is to punish as from bim all due consideration. Mr. Wardle