## Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and ComputationUnderstanding causal structure is a central task of human cognition. Causal learning underpins the development of our concepts and categories, our intuitive theories, and our capacities for planning, imagination and inference. During the last few years, there has been an interdisciplinary revolution in our understanding of learning and reasoning: Researchers in philosophy, psychology, and computation have discovered new mechanisms for learning the causal structure of the world. This new work provides a rigorous, formal basis for theory theories of concepts and cognitive development, and moreover, the causal learning mechanisms it has uncovered go dramatically beyond the traditional mechanisms of both nativist theories, such as modularity theories, and empiricist ones, such as association or connectionism. |

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... Imitation 37 Andrew N. Meltzoff 3 Detecting

... Imitation 37 Andrew N. Meltzoff 3 Detecting

**Causal Structure**: The Role of Interventions in Infants' Understanding of Psychological and Physical Causal Relations 48 Jessica A. Sommerville 4 An Interventionist Approach to Causation in ... Page 3

Rather than providing a reductive definition of

Rather than providing a reductive definition of

**causation**they instead provide a formal mathematical framework that captures important regularities in**causal**facts, just as the mathematical**structure**of geometry captures important ... Page 4

Many scientific hypotheses involve the

Many scientific hypotheses involve the

**causal structure**of the world. Scientists infer**causal structure**by observing the patterns of conditional probability among events (as in statistical analysis), by examining the consequences of ... Page 5

... which I can represent by two simple

... which I can represent by two simple

**causal**graphs: Graph 1 is a chain P → W → I; Graph 2 is a common cause**structure**I ← P → W. Maybe ... The covariation among the variables by itself is consistent with both these**structures**. Page 6

I can calculate the effects of such interventions on each of the

I can calculate the effects of such interventions on each of the

**causal structures**using graph surgery and predict the results. I will obtain different results from these interventions depending on the true**causal structure**(solitary ...### What people are saying - Write a review

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Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation Alison Gopnik,Laura Schulz Limited preview - 2007 |

Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation Alison Gopnik,Laura Schulz Limited preview - 2007 |

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