Page images

expected, that those applications should be answered with effect, unless the K. be wifer than all the World, and such a Man was never yet found, or else what the Parlia, meit complains of is false or frivilous, which is not easily to be suppos d.

Then the Declaration reminds as of K, James's delign to pack a Parliament, that by the Peoples consent, those things might be made a Law, which he had done contrary to the right of the People and the Law of the Land: which was to stab the Nation to the Heart. For a Parliament is the Soveraign and only remedy for publick Distempers, and if rightly, apply'd works an infallible Cure, but if it be corrupted makes the Man lady, how slight or inconsiderable foever, to become Incurable. He that desires to corrupt a Parliament, leaves very little room to believe that the good of his people is the end of his Government: for when a Prince looks upon it to be his Intrest to influence and byafs the Parliament, he cannot be thought to have some Interest with his people. There are two ways to corrupt a Parliament: The first is to influence the Elections, so as to have Men chosen that will serve a particular purpose and design; and 2dly, if that fail, to corrupt the Members by Places, Pensions, or good round sums of Money, which is called Secret Service, whereby the Nation becomes felo de fe

The last article against K. J. is that of imposing upon us a Prince of Wales. This indeed, if it were fo, is as great a Forgery


and Cheat as ever was heard of: but because those whom it more nearly concerns have not yet thought fit to inquire further into it, I suppose it will not be expected that I should give any opinion of it at this time.

This is the substance of the charge brought by the P. Orange against K. J. I think I have not omitted any thing that is material : but these are not all the irregularites that K. F. was guilty of; yet are they sufficient to shew that his administration was inconsistent withi the Rights and Liberties of English-Men, and who is he that can imagin that there · was any other means but force whereby we could recover our Rights; they that think it could have been effected by gentler applications, may as well pretend to bind the Leviathan with Cords : Those that have boasted most of Prayers and Tears, when they have been touch'd by Arbritrary Power, have found those things to be of no more force with a Prince that had will and means to be Arbitrary, than the Cords on Sampson's Arms, and then have they been very willing to make use of more violent applications. For those who value themselves most upon this sort of Loyalty, are generally such as are unconcern'd for the publick, provided they can make themselves fafe; and may well be compar'd to the Fox in the Fable, who having lost his Tail would have perswaded the rest to cut off theirs. They that will not lift up their hand to save their Country are as much to be condemned as the


Inhabitants of Meroz, who were curs'd bitterly because they came not to the help of Lord against the Mighty, Judges 5. v. 23.

K.F. had so disjointed and made such havcck of the Government, that the first step towards the repairing our breaches was to lay him aside, not out of any particular dislike to his Person but to his actions, because what he had done was not to be suffer'd in any other Man, for whoever shall hereafter do the like must expect the fame measure.

K.J. being deemd unmeet to sway the Scepter, the next thing was to consider, whether it was better to turn the administration into a Regency, or else to elect another in the Room of K. J. and after some time spent therein, it was refolv'd, as the best, to place some other on the Throne ; because as that did make the least alteration that could be, so whatever was amifs in the State would more easily be rectified, than by another Method that was proposed : Upon this give me leave to make one obfervation ; That altho' a Regency and a Common wealth are the same in effect, being but several Names for the same thing, yet there prevails an opinion, where one would least suspect it: That

That those who were for a Regency are the only men for Monarchy, and that those who were for continuing the Administration under a King, are for a Common-wealth; how this opinion can be consistent with iť self I do not apprehend, unless that whatever is done for the good of the people, brings us so much nearer to'a Common-wealth; and if fo, Kings will find it to be their intereft, as well as their' duty to make their AdminiItration easie to the people.

much would

It being resolved to fill the Vacant Throne, the Prince of Orange was presently thought on, as the fittest of all others for the purpose, not so much for having been the chief instrument of our deliverance, tho a great deal was due to him from the Nation in point of gratitude.

But the Crown was offered to the Prince of Orange, in hopes of having the effect of his Declaration, for as it was his interest to perform what he had therein said and promised, so the Nation was more likely to obtain a full redress of its grievances by him, than by any other ; for he had the example of King James fresh before hiin, he could not but very well apprehend that what could not be indured in King James, would not be suffered in any other, he knew very well that the Nation expected to have his Declaration made good to the full, as well because he had promised , also because of the right they had to have their greivances redressed: and that so far or so long as any part of it was denyed or delayed, so far would the people be disippointed, and think themselves deceived : He could not but be sensible of the reproach and hazard he ran, that having found fault with King James's Administration, if he did not amend whatever was amiss; and that to trifle with the Nation in any one particular,


would render all the rest suspected of what he had said or promised.'

He told us in his Declaration, that'the greatness and security both of Kings, Ro al Families, and of all such as are in authority, as well as the happiness of their Subjects and People, depend, in a most especial manner, upon the exact observation and maintenance of their Laws, Liberties and Customs.

This,so true a principle,that he who goverris accordingly cannot fail to prosper in all he puts his hand unto; and he that says fo, and knows and understands what he says, yet does not act accordingly, cannot expe t the love of his people.

He was very sensible how distastful a standing Army is to the Nation, and much more when a considerable part of it is comopsed of Foreigners, and that to increase the number of Foreign Troops would very much alarm the Nation, unless it was by reason of scarcity of our own people, or want of such as durst fight, or for some such necessity; and therefore to remove those apprehensions, he promises to send back all the Foreign Forces he had brought along with him, as soon as the State of the Nation will admit of it.

He promised to bring Ireland to such a state, as that the Protestants and British interest may be there secured, considering , no doubt, that as Ireland is the backdoor to England, he could not be thought to be in earnest as to the good of England, so long as he neglected the settlement of that other



« PreviousContinue »