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their Neighbours and abhorr’d by their Subjects as those who left off the use of Parliaments and doted upon their favourites: As witness Will

. II. King -John, Henry III. Edward U. Richard II. Henry VI. And I think it's undeniable that when the King feaves off Parliaments ħe forsakes his Interest, he refuses the good and chooses the bad.

10 I wish it could not be said that for two years

uses laid åfide. It's too true thrát Parliaments have been delayed, and there is buf a little between delaying and denying, and the first step to a denyal is to delay. Every Man knows the great need we have had of aParliament these Seventeenth/Months and why has it not 'mer till now: It's very welt known how earnestly it was desired by all good Pegteffants and true Englifbmen, and what appliGations have been, made to His Majestie that it might fit ;i, could not be obtaind till now: And it is not to be forgotten how often, it has been Prarogued, and the notice that has been given tol the Nation of the several Prorogations, the first tine that we heard of them was by the Gazett in which is felgom, any thing of truth, and then Qu! comes a Proclamation for a Prorogation about a day or two before the day of meeting. When Gentlemen have disposed their Affairs that they may attend at the Parliament, and possibly. were of their Joyrney towards London, upon the Road they meet the News of the Prorogation, very good uloge, and there is nothing to be said in Justification of lush Short Notice, but that when His Majesty by His Proclamation bad appointed a farther time for the meeting of the Parliament, that in plavi 2190


English no Man must believe it would meet : For if Gentlemen did believe it, they would prepare for it, and if they are prepared, it's but reasonable that fufficient Notice should be given to prevent them: Certainly they who advited the Kig in. this matter, intended thao' none of His Majelties Proclamations fhould have any credit : For His: Majesty he puurout several Proclamations against the Papists, and we fee how they are regarded, not the least obedience yis lded to them: And this giving of fuch short notice, was certainly due any purpose that thofe Proclamations should neither be obeyed nor believed. Thus is the k: abused, thus does he loose the hearts of his people, and thus is the Nation abused: What will become of us when we cannot believe what His Majesty fays: Out of Parliament the King cannot speak to his People in a more cotable way than by Proclamation, and as the matter is arder'd these are not regarded : lii a Subject nothing is more lufạmous, than to fąy of him, that his word is not to be relyed on, he does not regard what he says. And therefore what Villains are they, who by their Advice, do: bringi the King but into the fufpition of it. I

7 This delaying of Parliaments seems to portend the laying of Parliamentslafide ; and if fo, ao Army will follow, for the King must govern reither by a Parliament or an Army ifdrone of them be:mult have ; now the way to get rid of Parliaments is this : First, Although they meet sometimes, yet something must be started to hinder their success, or if that wont' do, Prorogue or Diffolve them before any thing be finisht, and thus Parliamets will be made useless, and this being donę, f it will ei ji ne

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not be long before they become burdensome, and then away with them for good and all.

Kings only then grow out of conceit with Par. liaments when their Favourites are fo overgrown, and their Actions are so exorbitant, that they will not indure to be scann'd by a Parliament: And therefore to save themselves, they perswade the King to keep off the Parliament, though it be to his great hurt : For the last Trump at the Day of Judgment will not be more terrible to the World, than the sound of an approaching Parliament is to unjust Ministers and Favourites.

That State is sick of a grievous Distemper when Kings neglect their Parliaments, and adhere to Fa-, vourites, and certainly that woe is then fallen upon that Nation which Solomon denounces ; for says he woe to that Nation whose King is a Child: And without question he meant a Child in Understanding, and not in Years : We have had in England Kings who when they were Children, by the help of a wife Council have govern d very well : But. after that they took matters into their own hands it went very ill with England, as Richard II. Henry VI. who whileft they were Children, the Government was steer'd aright , but their understanding not growing as fast as their Years, they alsumed the Government before they were ready for it; and fo managed matters, that it's better not to name them, than to reckon them in the Catalogue of the Kings.

And there is yet another reason why great fa. vourites should advise against Parliaments : Kings that dote too much upon their Favourites, do for the most part pick up mean Men, people of no Fortunes or Estates, upon whom it is that they


to us,

place their favour to so high a degree: And therefore it's for their Interest to advise the King to govern by an Army, for if he prevails, then they are sure to have what heart can wish; or if he fail, yet they are but where they were, they had no thing, and they can loose nothing.

There is no Man but very plainly sees, that there are People about His Majesty who advise him to shake off the Fetters of the Lawes, and to govern Arbitrarily, and I wish that their Advice have not prevailed for the most part, yet I think His Majesties own Inclinations, do not bend that way, for he seems to love quiet and ease, which no Prince can have that Rules by an Army: Therefore before we can expe& that His Majesty will come in

these people of Arbitrary Principles must be removed from his Throne ; for whileft there are the same Advisers, we must expect the same Advice whileft there are the same Councellors, we must expect the same Results: And this alone will noç do it, it's but the first step to our happyness, the Principles or Maxims of State must be removed, it's not taking away this or the other Man, and putting in another to act by the fame Rules that will cure our Disease ; but it's the change of Principles that must do it.

You may remember in the last Parliament the change that was made in the Frivy Council, and Miniiters, and upon the first news of it, I met with a Gentleman that had a great Service for WhiteHall; fays he, I hope now you are pleas'd, what can you expect more from His Majesty ? I replyed, I like it well, yet not so very well, for faid I, all is well that ends well, for all is not Gold that glifters: I am not sure, that these Men that


are put out have not left their frinciples behind them, when those are gone I shall like it very well. The Man was angry, and Alung away, laying, you are hard to pleale, and says !, you are ealie, and so we parted.

And I pray you, how much Wooll have we had after all this cry, what benefit have we reaped by that change : Do not we see that unlefs they would act by the Maximes of their Predecessors they must do nothing, and therefore several did desire leave to go off : Some of these worthy Lords and Gentlemen that did so are now in my eye, and I shall ever honour them for it: I cannot forget the promises made to the Parliament at the lame time; and how well they have been kept.

Therefore I think it's very plain that till these : Principles are removed from White-ball, that all

Cour labour and pains will end in nothing : The way then as I conceive to do this, is to lay before His Majesty the state of the case, let us shew him, how unable thefe Men are to serve him, and how destructive to his Interest it is to follow their Advices ; and that he can be Safe and Great only by closing with his Parliament.

Would His Majesty be Safe , alas what can his Creatures do, just nothing, they have no Power, 'nor have they will further than it ferves for their own advantage : But His Majesty is safe in his Parliament, for it is the Interest of every Man in England to preserve and defend His Majesties go. verning by his Parliament.

Does he want Money to make him eafie ? I pray what can he expect from the Catterpillers his Favourites, their care is not how to serve him, but to



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