Sufi Music of India and Pakistan: Sound, Context and Meaning in Qawwali, Volume 1

Front Cover
CUP Archive, 1986 - Music - 265 pages
For the Sufis of India and Pakistan, the Qawwali songs are 'food for the soul', a means of attaining union with God, the ecstatic culmination of mystical experience. Regula Burckhardt Qureshi's study carefully describes and documents the performance of this music in the traditional Sufi assembly, the ritual of sama', first presenting the rich musical repertoire of Qawwali song, and then exploring everything else that is relevant to an understanding of the ritual: the profound belief system and its powerful articulation through mystical poetry in three languages (Farsi, Hindi, Urdu), the social and economic relationships between Sufi listeners and musicians, and, finally, all the specific rules governing the making of and listening to Qawwali in the Sufi assembly. All this leads up to a moment-by-moment account of actual Qawwali performances where the interplay between the musical sound and the diverse and often dramatic audience responses is described and analysed by the author.
 

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Qawwali is a powerful source for the overhauling of a untidy soul

Contents

Tomb of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya
2
Qawwali in the Nizamuddin Auliya shrine
3
Analytical model II
10
Qawwali music
17
Musical categories
47
Pitch structure
48
Durational analysis
54
Formal structure analysis
55
Classical Sufi attire
115
Standard performance format
116
The saints spiritual genealogy shijrā
117
Standard gesture of intensification
118
Framework of spiritual arousal
119
Categories of expressive responses
121
Link response
123
A devotee bows to make an offering
124

Functional constraints and distinctive features
59
item of performance
66
standard repeat unit
67
Adjunct items Rubai and Girah
68
standard repeat unit
69
sequencing principles
70
application of directional melodic adjustment
71
application of directional melodic movement
72
the Qawwali occasion
77
Engraved tablet in the Nizamuddin shrine
80
the Chishti Silsila
81
Qawwali poetic metre
89
Pirzāde watching the tomb
94
Qazi Safdar Ali
95
Meraj Ahmad offers greeting
97
The Qawwal Bachches record book of mohtad
99
Qawwals house IOI 9 Panchāyati Gānā 1ΟΙ
101
The structure of the Qawwali occasion
103
IO Pir Zamin Nizami Syed Bukhari
106
Categories of participants
109
Setting categories
110
Layout plan and seating arrangement
113
The assembly leader turns over the offering
126
The Qawwals pickup man deposits the offering
127
the Qawwali event
133
A rupee note about to be transformed from offering to pay
138
Family visit at Merajs house
142
Videorecording the Chilla Mahfil
143
Qawwals awaiting the Chilla Mahfil
146
The leading Sufis of the Chilla assembly
147
Music variables as affected by setting variables
194
Performance process in outline
197
evaluation of context
209
audience categories
210
expression in music
211
Application of status referent
213
Application of identity referent
214
evaluation of context
217
Conclusion
228
Notes
234
Glossary
242
Oral sources
257
Index
263
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