Fearful Symmetry: India-Pakistan Crises in the Shadow of Nuclear Weapons

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University of Washington Press, Jan 1, 2012 - Social Science - 234 pages

With the nuclearization of the Indian subcontinent, Indo-Pakistani crisis behavior has acquired a deadly significance. The past two decades have witnessed no fewer than six crises against the backdrop of a vigorous nuclear arms race. Except for the Kargil war of 1998-9, all these events were resolved peacefully.

Nuclear war was avoided despite bitter mistrust, everyday tensions, an intractable political conflict over Kashmir, three wars, and the steady refinement of each side's nuclear capabilities. Sumit Ganguly and Devin T. Hagerty carefully analyze each crisis, reviewing the Indian and Pakistani domestic political systems and key decisions during the relevant period.

This lucid and comprehensive study of the two nations' crisis behavior in the nuclear age is the first work on Indo-Pakistani relations to take systematic account of the role played by the United States in South Asia's security dynamics over the past two decades in the context of unipolarization, and formulates a blueprint for American policy toward a more positive and productive India-Pakistan relationship.

 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
2 Wars Without End?
21
3 1984
44
4 Threat Perceptions Military Modernization and a Crisis
68
5 The 1990 Kashmir Crisis
82
6 Out of the Closet
116
7 The Road to Kargil
143
8 The 20012 IndoPakistani Crisis
167
9 Lessons Implications and Policy Suggestions
187
Index
213
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About the author (2012)

Sumit Ganguly is professor of political science and Rabindranath Tagore Chair of Indian Cultures and Civilizations at Indiana University, Bloomington. Devin T. Hagerty is associate professor of political science at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County.

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